High Performance Spectrophotometer System for Ultraviolet and Visible Light
A unique multiple long pathlength sample cell for absorbance spectroscopy
- Process Control & Oceanography
- Rugged system for laboratory and onboard measuring
- Portable & easy to use
- User-selected optical path lengths: 2, 10, 50 & 200 cm
- Highly sensitive and stable
- Ultraviolet range
See the current Data Sheet.
- Designed with NASA for colored dissolved organic matter in seawater and fresh water
- Highly sensitive with extended dynamic range for UV and VIS absorbance measurements, with fewer complications associated with standard long pathlength systems
- Portable system for field operations and mobile lab environments
- CDOM - Colored dissolved organic matter
- QFT - Quantitative Filter Technique
UltraPath™ is a unique high-performance spectrophotometer system offering selectable optical path lengths of 2, 10, 50 and 200 cm. The instrument operates in the wavelength range of 250 to 730 (UPUV) or 380 to 730 nm (UPVIS) and has an exceptional dynamic range. Designed for the detection of low absorbing species in aqueous solutions, UltraPath is an ideal tool for any study requiring precise and highly sensitive spectroscopic determination of analytes, either in the lab or in the field.
Designed with NASA for CDOM
UltraPath was developed by WPI under a collaborative agreement with NASA (Stennis Space Center) for the spectroscopic determination of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in seawater and fresh water environments. It can be used in the laboratory and in the field (i.e., at sea). CDOM concentrations vary significantly between open ocean samples with low CDOM (e.g., 0.007 m-1 at 380 nm), and high CDOM freshwater environments (e.g., 10-20 m-1 at 380 nm). To address these problems the design requirements of UltraPath mandated the development of a rugged portable system capable of high sensitivity measurements across a wide dynamic range. The UltraPath system meets these stringent design criteria and enables reliable measurement of CDOM in the range of 0.002 m-1 to 200 m-1 (250 to 730 nm).
Highly Sensitive, Extended Dynamic Range
UltraPath has four optical pathlengths contained within a single sample cell (i.e., 2 cm, 10 cm, 50 cm and 200 cm). The pathlengths are selectable, offering a very high sensitivity and an extended dynamic range for UV and VIS absorbance measurements. The fluid path of the sample cell is optimized to produce a laminar flow that is virtually free of interference from trapped air bubbles and adherence of dissolved substances to the cell wall. In particular, the design greatly minimizes the problems commonly found with flow cells of long optical pathlengths.
- Reduces the risk of trapping dust particles.
- Reduces contamination of fibers or particulate matter inside the cell.
The UltraPath system includes a low noise photodiode array-based spectrometer module (TIDAS E) and a light source (D4H with UPUV; FO-6000 with UPVIS) to measure sample absorption. Light is coupled from the light source to the sample cell and from the sample cell to the detector using two fused silica fibers. A peristaltic pump (PeriPro-4LS) draws the sample into the UltraPath sample cell.
A standard PC or laptop (not included) is connected to the Tidas E Base using an RJ-45 Ethernet interface.
Portable system for field environments
The system is designed for mobility. The components of the UltraPath system are designed to function over a broad range of laboratory and field environments.
Two typical absorption spectra recorded with an UltraPath (UPUV) of a seawater and a fresh water sample collected in November 2007 are shown in the figures. Due to their high absorbance, both samples were analyzed in the 10 cm pathlength. The CDOM sample labeled Mayagüez Bay from oligotrophic, low productive waters with high salinity collected off the west coast of Puerto Rico in the Mayagüez Bay. Special attention should be drawn to the exceptional sensitivity of UltraPath enabling detection of CDOM absorption below 0.03 m-1. To exemplify the performance of the UltraPath in laboratory chemistry and process control, Ponceau S absorbance was measured with the 200 cm pathlength of an UltraPath. Normalizing the Ponceau absorbance graph to AU/cm, the range of this measurement is 150 μAU with a noise level below 2 μAU peak to peak. Sub-nanomolar concentration of this dye can clearly and reliably be detected, which is a novelty in absorbance based spectroscopy.
Two typical absorption spectra measured using UltraPath. The sample labeled “Sarasota Bay” is a CDOM sample with 34 PSU salinity collected from Sarasota Bay (Nov. 2007), and the sample labeled “Pond” is a highly concentrated CDOM sample collected from a local pond in Sarasota, Florida (Nov. 2007).
CDOM Sample “Mayagüez Bay” was collected from the high salinity oligotrophic waters of Mayagüez Bay on the west coast of Puerto Rico (2001). Data courtesy of NASA Stennis Space Center.
QFT for particulate absorption
Particulate absorption can be measured by the well established Quantitative Filter Technique (QFT). WPI now offers a fiber optic filter holder for Glass Fiber Filters (QFT1, page 183) which can be used with the spectrometer (Tidas E Base) and light source (D4H or FO6000) supplied with the UltraPath. With this accessory, particulate absorption can be measured on site, avoiding loss of spectral information due to freezing and shipping particulate samples to a laboratory.
Ponceau S absorption measured with UltraPath (200 cm cell). Ponceau S was dissolved in Millipore water.
|Dynamic range||5µAU/cm to 1 AU/cm, 0.002 m-1 to 200 m-1|
|Wavelength Range||250nm - 730nm (UPUV), 380nm - 730nm (UPVIS)|
|Wavelength Resolution (FWHM)||5 nm|
|Noise (peak to peak)||< 0.2 mAU|
|Drift||< 1 mAU/h|
|Optical pathlength||2, 10, 50 & 200cm (user selectable)|
|Sample cell inner diameter||2 mm|
|Cell Volume||10 mL (at 200cm pathlength)|
|Sample inlet / outlet||1/8|
|Solvent resistance||Most organic and inorganic solvents|
|Shipping weight||UPUV: 44 lb (20 kg)|
M.Babin, A. Bricaud, E. Leymarie, A. Sciandra "Absorption of properties of marine particles and CDOM: Use of special measurement devices: Ultrapath and PSICAM" .
Favareto, L., Rudorff, N., Kampel, M., Frouin, R., Röttgers, R., Doxaran, D., … Dupouy, C. (2018). Bio-Optical Characterization and Ocean Colour Inversion in the Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia, South Tropical Pacific. Remote Sensing, 10(7), 1043. http://doi.org/10.3390/rs10071043
R. L. Miller, M. Belz, C. Del Castillo, R. Trzaska "Determining CDOM Absorption Spectra in Diverse Coastal Environments Using a Multiple Pathlength, Liquid Core Waveguide System", Continental Shelf Research July 2002 22:9 P. 1301-1310
N.B Nelson, D.A. Siegel, C.A. Carlson, C. Swan, W.M. Smethie Jr. and S. Khatiwala 2007. Hydrography of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea. Res. I.54: 710-731