DNA/RNA Quantification Using DIPUV-Mini and a Tidas Spectrometer
Concentrations of DNA in solution (31µg/mL and 688µg/mL) were measured with a spectrometer and UV/VIS light source in a DIPUV-Mini. Due to the 2mm pathlength, use of a DIPUV-Mini does not require a pre-measurement dilution within this concentration range, thus a potential source of error was eliminated.
Standard solutions of DNA (Sigma D1626) were prepared gravimetrically using 18.2MΩ/cm ultrapurified water as a solvent. Solutions were prepared between 0.0µg/mL and 687.6µg/mL.
Measurements were taken in triplicate using a DIPUV-Mini. The DIPUV-Mini was connected to a UV/VIS light source (WPI #D4H).
Data were collected in 1nm increments across the full range of the instrument (190nm-720nm). The instrument was configured such that reference measurements yielded an 80% total intensity. All measurements utilized 18.2MΩ/cm ultrapurified water as a reference solution.
Experimental results are presented in Table 1:
|DNA [µg/mL]||Absorbance @260nm [AU]|
Table 1: DNA Concentrations and Resultant Absorbance Values
Since absorbance with respect to concentration follows the Beer-Lambert Law,
expected absorbance values were calculated from the DNA solution concentrations. Literature values of ε for dsDNA are listed as 0.020µg/ml*cm.
Experimental data can be found in Figure 1 with the calculated absorbance measurements indicated by a solid line. Absorbance measurements are expressed at a 260nm wavelength. Deviation from the theoretical value at higher absorbance values is a result of stray lightinterference within the spectrometer.
Figure 1: Measured versus Theoretical Absorbance
Figure 2: Typical DNA Measurement (281.6µg/mL)